Pour rendre les diagrammes ombrothermiques comparables entre eux: .. Nous avons utilisé la méthode et les conventions de H. Gaussen et F. Bagnouls. Bagnouls &. Gaussen (,). Climograph of 10 meteorological stations Diagramme ombrothermique. Oujda. Tanger. Kenitra. Safi. Laayoune. Dakhla. Diagramme ombrothermique de Bagnouls et Gaussen Quotient pluviothermique d’Emberger Echantillonnage et choix des stations. Etude Du.

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In Cyprus for example the preliminary results of ciagramme typology were presented and discussed at a stakeholders workshop Warnock et al. Flowering phases Flowering phases are a crucial stage in diagrammme life history of annual and ephemeral plants since they require a lot of energy and are indispensable for the species survival due to the lack of vegetative proliferation and persistence Larcher There are many examples of land classifications at national Bunce et al.

On the other hand, not only the waste lands and sand plains have significant positive correlations with each other, but also they are the least diversified habitats. They are the more diversified habitats with high species richness Appendix 1. The directions of the time trajectories in the ordination diagram were parallel though differentiated due to the soil moisture gradient.

This should be taken into account particularly in the development of regional landscape assessments, since many parts of the Mediterranean Basin are characterised by groups of islands e. Delile Tree Ph Acacia tortilis Forssk. This will allow studies to be undertaken and comparisons to be made at different spatial scales in a way that for example local field data can be placed in the Mediterranean context.


Applying variation partitioning on the vegetation data and the artificial data enabled an estimation of the relevance of environmental variables. According to Beuneux the Maghrebian bat seems to be an opportunist gleaning bat. Access is provided through registration.

The last of these criteria in particular, would ensure that any developed typology will have policy relevance. Most of these habitats included fragile communities of the urgent need for restoration and conservation. Scale is an important challenge in any typology and therefore it is necessary that the developed framework is hierarchical.

In the present study, the floristic similarity between recognized habitats Table 4 revealed a frequent spread of the aquatic weeds in all canals and showed a significant positive correlation between the canal banks and cultivated lands habitats.

Results In total, the recorded number of vascular plants in the present study is species that belong to genera and 48 families Appendix 1. Landscape Characterisation The process of landscape character assessment involves the distinct stages of characterisation, evaluation and decision-making.

Herb Cr Panicum turgidum Forssk. There is a wide range of factors used in landscape classification including natural science components e. Their phenological development depends on the soil water balance and on temperature sums Rudner b.

Also significant negative correlations are occurred between the other soil variables such as chlorides with potassium, and saturation percentage with E. These data act as surrogates for geomorphological information.


Table 5 Changes in Mediterranean landscapes. This finding can be explained in term of the plant habit, where almost all of these plants are rhizomatous e.

ecologia mediterranea – PDF

The arch effect occurred on the third axis analogous to the vegetation data. Guidance for England ombrtohermique Scotland. Also, seventeen sporadic species are recorded e. Agussen rendre les diagrammes ombrothermiques comparables entre eux: This setting was chosen in the assumption that time and site constitute two strong and independent gradients which comprise almost all possible environmental variability between inventories see results section.

Herb Cr Mentha longifolia L. Their soil exhibited the highest values of E.

Th Galinsoga parviflora Cav. Ecological Applications The potential of Landscape Character Assessment LCA as an appropriate spatial framework for ecological applications has been widely demonstrated in Northern Europe. An improved ordination technique.

Herb Cr Cyperus rotundus L.

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Th Launaea nudicaulis L. Figure 5 Effect of the age of plantation on abundance. Nonetheless, this dynamic should be considered in evaluating the current state of dwarf rush communities protected by the EU Habitats Directive.

The floristic differences between the sites correlated with the soil moisture residuals.